June 5, 2024

Photo courtesy of Dr Tsugawa graphic by Getty Images

Digging into the gender quality divide

There are lessons for all in a recent study that found female patients had lower mortality with female hospitalists, says one of the authors.

On to chronic respiratory failure

Distinguish between hypoxemic and hypercapnic chronic respiratory failure and recognize acute-and-chronic respiratory failure.

Venous access device failure frequency, risk factors quantified in new analysis

One in 10 patients who received a nontunneled central catheter, a peripherally inserted central catheter, or a tunneled central catheter experienced device failure, an Australian analysis found. Central line-associated bloodstream infection was the most common cause of failure.

ED referrals of chest pain patients to testing not linked with improved cardiac outcomes

For patients who presented with chest pain but were not found to have myocardial injury, referral to noninvasive cardiac testing was not associated with improved outcomes within two years, according to a retrospective analysis comparing ED physicians by referral rates.

COPD exacerbations associated with risk of subsequent CVD events, study finds

Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) who averaged an exacerbation at least once a year had higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) events than those with less frequent exacerbations, regardless of whether they had CVD at baseline.

HF hospitalization linked with heightened kidney risk, a study of Medicare patients finds

In a cohort of 85,298 patients ages 65 years or older who were hospitalized for heart failure (HF), 6% progressed to dialysis within one year of admission, 7% had progressed to dialysis or end-stage kidney disease, and 7% had been readmitted due to an acute kidney injury.

Take a quiz about the May 29 issue!

Every week, ACP Hospitalist posts a question about the previous week's issue. See how well you remember what you've read compared to other readers.